PhD Project

For my PhD thesis, I worked on the concept of Extended Knowledge which derives from the Extended Cognition Theory. Extended cognition suggests that we can employ artifacts in our environment in a way that extends our cognitive processes into the environment. Some of these extended cognitive processes can be epistemic, and they can help us acquire extended knowledge. An approach to this concept suggests that we consider how external vehicles integrate in our cognitive processes in order to understand extended knowledge. Another idea suggests that this cognitive integration, of an external vehicle into our cognitive process, can occur on a purely subpersonal level. My thesis argues against this idea. I emphasise that an agent can only acquire extended knowledge if the agent is in some way personally (even if in the most minimal way) engaged in integrating an external vehicle.


Demarcation of Epistemic and Extended Agency; Vrije Universiteit Brussels | Aug 2019
Title: Epistemic Subjects Beyond Individuals Workshop

Workshop with Sandy Goldberg; The University of Edinburgh | Oct 2019
Title: Integration and the Reliabilist Rationale

Graduate Seminar; Forman Christian College University | May 2017
Title: Implicit Biases

Chinese Delegation Lecture; The University of Edinburgh | Oct 2017
Title: Integration and Extended Knowledge

Social Dimensions of Cognition and Education Workshop; The University of Edinburgh | Oct 2017
Title: Integration in Social and Extended Cognition

Edinburgh Women in Philosophy Conference; The University of Edinburgh | Dec 2017
Respondent for Epistemic Emotions

36th Annual Pakistan Philosophical Congress; University of the Punjab | May 2014
Title: On Basic Beliefs